The most difficult plant to grow in the world
Wasabi Japonica is widely recognized as the most difficult plant to grow in the world. The plants come from Japan and require very specific environmental conditions in order to successfully produce healthy plants.
Wasabi is most commonly associated with Japanese food, where it is used as a unique spice and as a spice for sushi. However, many are now getting to know its secondary metabolites, which have significant health benefits, including significant cancer-fighting and antimicrobial properties. Unfortunately, few producers outside of Japan have successfully grown wasabi japonica commercially. Not only has this resulted in high global demand for freshly grown products, but also increased interest from commercial growers trying to enter a market that is now paying an estimated $ 325 / £ 250 per kilo of rhizome.
The opportunities and challenges
Successful field cultivation is difficult due to the specific parameters required for growth over a relatively long harvest period of up to 2 years. Wasabi is also very susceptible to pests and diseases. Although resistant strains are available in Asia, the West is limited to two main varieties: Mazuma and Daruma. Vegetative propagation can be successful for F1 generations, but afterwards an endogenous fungal infection leads to poor yields and large crop loss. It is therefore important to grow from clean material that is produced under controlled environmental conditions.
A small startup in Scotland is currently working together with The Functional Plant Company LED grow lights by GE Current, a Daintree company to grow wasabi. The Functional Plant Company uses a variety of hydroponic and micropropagation techniques to produce plantlets from tissue culture to acclimation and finally to maturity. They prove that light intensity and light spectrum are equally important factors for establishing a new cuticle and stomatal development. Your goal of proving this can be made more efficient and faster by using GE LED slats compared to natural daylight.
Success with LED grow lights
Tests show that the plants with which have established good root production Arize Lynk LED Grow Lights at 60 µmol / m2 / s, although they found that the growth of the leaf crowns is slower and darker than when using the same intensity TLEDs. The Functional Plant Company added that interesting results were also obtained when testing other spectra of the Arize LED growth lights. They have noticed a darker callus in higher lighting conditions with a high percentage of red light, while a lower intensity prevents leaves from burning and drying out during early acclimatization.
Finally, they found that the Arize LED grow lights are very energy efficient and generate little heat – which is perfect for wasabi because even a small rise in temperature can lead to wilting and plant loss.
Contact Hort Americas If you want to learn more about using the latest LED grow lights to produce plants grown in tissue culture and micro propagation plants.